As the body ages, some people may notice the appearance of dark spots on the face. These spots are known as age spots or liver spots. The spots may range in size and color. They can either appear to be dark or light brown in color. They are not harmful to one’s health but it creates the impression of an uneven skin tone.
However, it is advisable to visit a dermatologist so that they can rule out they are not as a result of skin cancer or an underlying medical condition.
Causes Of Age Spots
1. Over exposure to the sun
When you go out to the sun without sunscreen or any other kind of protection for your skin, you might develop age spots later on. Skin care experts say that it only takes a few minutes of sun exposure every day, for our skin to develop these spots. The darker age spots are as a result of increased melanin production due to exposure to the sun. The ultra violet rays from the sun accelerate the production of melanin.
2. Tanning beds
Tanning beds are a popular way of getting a tan without exposing yourself to excessive ultra violet rays. However the little ultraviolet rays that we expose our skin to, may with time, accelerate the production of melanin which leads to development of age spots. Tanning beds have also been known to contribute to the development of skin cancer.
Unfortunately, genetics can also play a big role in age spots. If any of your family members are currently struggling with age spots, then chances are that you will also develop them. However, you can slow down the process by protecting your skin from excessive sunlight and tanning beds.
How To Treat Age Spots
1. Topical creams
Topical creams are meant to decrease the amount of melanin produced by the skin and reduce the appearance of spots. These creams can be bought over the counter or they can be prescribed by a dermatologist. The creams may take several weeks for you to see any results.
This process can be done by your dermatologist. It involves removal of the top layer of skin by lightly scraping it using a vacuum tube. This procedure does not use chemicals and neither is it invasive. After several treatments, the skin will become lighter and even out.
3. Laser therapy
Laser therapy is used to decrease the pigmentation on the skin. It uses beams of light to treat the dark spots. It is a costly procedure and requires several visits for any results to show. This procedure requires a highly skilled professional so as to reduce the risk of it backfiring.
Removal and treatment of age spots can be done routinely for cosmetic purposes. Other than the face, the spots can also be seen on the hands. However, before jumping to a conclusion that the age spots are as a result of sun exposure or genetics, it is important that you have your doctor check for any underlying conditions. To prevent your skin from developing any more age spots, ensure that you apply sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 30.