Broken capillaries on face is a condition that affects so many people around the world. In medical circles, the condition is referred to as Telangiectasia rosacea. This condition makes capillaries under the skin to become abnormally enlarged. Although the condition is very common, most people have very little information about the condition. Most of the times the condition is permanent which means that if you get broken capillaries on the face, there are chances that you will live with them all your life.
Causes of broken capillaries on face
Although broken capillaries may be passed on through heredity, most of the other causes are self inflicted. This means that the damage to capillaries will result from the thing we do on our bodies or some necessary things that we fail to do. Some of these causes include;
Excessive scrubbing of your face – When you scrub your face more often, you risk damaging the capillaries that just rest below the skin. You should avoid rigorous scrubbing as it can cause the capillaries to rapture.
Using very hot water on the face – It is important to note that capillaries are very delicate and can be damaged by extreme heat. When you use very hot water to wash your face, you will encourage the veins and capillaries to dilate and eventually they may rapture. Always make sure that you are gentle when washing your face and preferably use warm water.
Facial injuries – People who get frequent face injuries for example boxers are at a higher risk of damaging their capillaries.
Alcoholism – Taking too much alcohol may result in a spike in blood pressure. Increased blood pressure will force the capillaries to dilate. Although the capillaries are supposed to assume their original size when normal pressure returns, they may be unable to do so especially in cases where one takes excessive alcohol every day. Broken capillaries in people who have been consuming large amounts of alcohol over the years may be an indication of a liver damage.
Too much exposure to direct sunlight – Heat from direct sunlight will make the veins to dilate. If this happens over a long period of time, the veins may be damaged.
Treatment for broken capillaries on the face
Electrolysis – During this process, the dermatologist uses a fine needle to send an electric current through the skin thereby destroying the capillaries. However, this process could leave small scars on regions where the needle was inserted.
Light therapy – high intensity light is targeted on blood cells on the capillaries thereby destroying the capillaries. Laser treatment is quick and effective. Intense Pulsed Light may also be used in place of laser as it will bring the same results.
Micro-needling – A roller covered with fine needles is run on the affected part of the face for several times each time in a different direction. The needles will break the capillaries thus allowing the body to easily absorb them.
Radio waves – radio waves are used in a similar manner as the laser treatment option. However, radio wave results in less reddening of skin when compared to laser. Radio waves can be passed on the skin to damage the underlying capillaries.
Sclerotherapy – A sclerosing agent is injected directly in to the infected capillary. This results in the inflammation of the capillary which consequently blocks blood flow in that specific capillary. After some time, the damaged capillary will just disappear.