Do you notice the dark circles under your eyes, when you look at yourself in the mirror? Don’t worry, you are not alone. There are millions of people in the world who face the problem of dark under eye circles. Medical experts define this condition as areas under the eyes, which appear pigmented and make people look older, exhausted and unwell. However, the dark circles under your eyes are not indicative of any serious health condition or exhaustion.
What causes dark under eye circles?
There are numerous causes of under eye circles, beyond simple reasons as lack of sleep and lifestyle changes. Some of the most common reasons for the appearance of dark under eye circles in people and their treatments are:
Hereditary factors are among the most common reasons for the appearance of under eye circles. Some of the pigments present in the skin are known to cause darkening on their own, in the case of heritable reasons. The under eye circles caused by genetic aspects begin to appear as one grows into adulthood, and start getting visible after few weeks of continuous darkening. Treatment for the problem due to genetic reasons is possible through laser therapy or alleviating creams as prescribed by the dermatologist.
Allergies and nasal congestion can be a prominent cause of under eye dark circles. A common side effect of allergic symptoms is swelling on the face. Puffy eyelids are an outcome of the facial swelling that also casts a shadow on the eyes and skin surface underneath the eyes. Nasal congestion is also known to affect the veins under your eyes to become darker in color, causing under eye circles. Allergy medications can aid in alleviating the symptoms of nasal blocks and allergies.
Eczema is a skin condition that causes red to brownish colored patches. Sometimes, this problem can even occur under the eyes, thereby, resulting in pigmented circles in that area. Scratching the infected area can also aggravate the infection, and cause swelling of the area beneath the eyelids along with skin discoloration. You can get this skin infection treated by consulting physician who prescribes effective antihistamine drugs.
As you grow in age, your skin undergoes certain changes. There can be a loss of fat and collagen around the eyes that can make the skin get thinner. This thinning process can cause reddish blue blood vessels, which are already available under the skin, to become more visible in the form of under eye dark circles. Meditation and deep breathing techniques can be extremely useful for curbing this condition and helping in bringing a natural glow to your face, including the area under your eyes.
Certain medications have the effect of dilating the blood vessels, resulting in dark eye circles. The skin beneath the eyes is quite delicate, and an increase in the blood flow in that area can be visible through the skin in the form of dark circles.
You can consult your doctor to discuss possible remedies to reduce the side effects of various medicines.
Excessive exposure to sun
Excessive exposure to sunlight can increase the melanin levels in your face, resulting in pigmentation. The area beneath the eyes is so sensitive that the dark circles are the first to appear, due to the harmful effects of the UV rays.
You can try various home remedies to cure the dark, under eye circles as a result of sun over-exposure. Ensure to apply sunscreen with SPF 30 or more, around the eyes while moving out in the sun. You can place cucumbers, potatoes or tea bags on the eyes to cool them and prevent and cure the occurrence of under eye circles.
A healthy lifestyle can help in eliminating the dark under eye circles from your face effectively. A moderate intensity exercise combined with nutritious food, lots of water and sound sleep can aid in getting rid of under eye dark circles naturally.